2022 HELOC pros and cons

Is HELOC a good idea?

If you own a home and need funds for something important (renovation project, college tuition, investment property, etc.), you can use your home equity and use the Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC). to raise funds quickly.

HELOCs are great if you have ongoing expenses that you want to fund at a low interest rate. You can borrow from the line of credit as needed, and for the first few years you only pay interest on what you borrow.

Perhaps best of all, at least in the current interest rate environment, HELOC allows you to access equities without refinancing your mortgage.

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HELOC pros and cons

Like any type of financing, HELOCs have both advantages and disadvantages. Before signing on, it’s important to understand how HELOC can help you and the potential risks.

Advantages of HELOC Cons of HELOCs
You can borrow up to 85% of the home price* HELOC interest rates higher than mortgage rates
money can be used for anything Claim closing costs
Offer flexible lines of credit for ongoing expenses waste potential
Tax deductible in some cases your home is used as collateral

*Maximum loan amount varies by lender and depends on borrower eligibility

Advantages of HELOCs

One of the biggest advantages of HELOC is that the funds can be used for practically any purpose. From paying for home repairs, reimbursing medical bills, consolidating debt, to financing a wedding or starting a business.

“In addition, most lenders that offer HELOC allow you to borrow up to 85% of the home’s assessed value,” says Eric Jeanette, owner of Dream Home Financing. This means that if you qualify, you can enjoy fairly high borrowing limits.

As long as you have enough assets in your home (15% to 20% or more) and good credit, you may be eligible for HELOC.

“HELOCs are arguably more flexible than traditional cash-out refinancing of mortgages…you can access lines of credit as and when you need them, as opposed to cash from your refi sitting in your savings account.” .”

–David Friedman, CEO, Knox Financial

“HELOCs are arguably more flexible than traditional mortgage cash-out refinancings. We have access to credit lines,” said David Friedman, CEO of investment property platform Knox Financial. “Using a cash-out refi promises you to pay the new principal and interest balance for the term of the mortgage (probably he’s 15 to 30 years).”

And just like a credit card, “each time you pay off an outstanding HELOC balance, you restore available credit,” explained Dino DiNenna, a broker/realtor at Southern Lifestyle Properties in South Carolina. increase. “This means that you can borrow as many times as you want against the HELOC, up to the credit limit you set at closing, during the drawing period.”

However, be aware that some HELOCs charge an early payment fee if you start paying your balance before a certain amount of time has passed. Before taking out a loan, ask the lender about its prepayment policy.

Buying or renovating a home with a HELOC may also qualify for tax relief. CondoBlackBook.com Managing His Broker Sep Niakan said:

Drawbacks of HELOCs

On the downside, you must use your home as collateral for your HELOC. This means that if he fails to repay the HELOC according to the agreed terms, he could lose his home due to foreclosure.

Additionally, some homeowners risk overspending on HELOCs, especially if given generous credit limits.

Shad Elia, CEO/Founder of New England Home Buyers in Massachusetts, warns, “Lack of renter discipline is often a HELOC shortcoming.” “With HELOCs, you can make interest-only payments during the withdrawal period, making it easy to quickly access cash without thinking about the possible financial impact.”

“With HELOCs, you can make interest-only payments during the withdrawal period, making it easy to quickly access cash without thinking about the possible financial impact.”

– Shad Elia, CEO/Founder, New England Home Buyers

Elia continues. If you’re not prepared, an increase in monthly payments at the end of the drawing period can be an unpleasant surprise. “

Additionally, HELOC interest rates can be higher than traditional mortgage interest rates, including cash-out refinancing. At the time of this writing (August 2022), the average interest rate for 10-year HELOCs was around 5.5% compared to around 7.25% for 20-year HELOCs. HELOC interest rates are variable and depend on the amount borrowed and the terms of the loan.

Finally, although some lenders waive closing costs, consider that HELOC closing costs may range from 2% to 5% of the line of credit.

Who Should Get a HELOC?

Applying for and getting approved for HELOC is a smart choice. HELOCs provide an affordable line of credit to cover ongoing expenses at interest rates that are much lower than other forms of borrowing such as credit cards and personal loans. Moreover, the funds can be used for any purpose. HELOC also acts as a safety net, even if there is no immediate financial need.

“Pursuing HELOC just to have it as a safety net to access funds [is] Good idea,” recommends Janet. “But it shouldn’t be used like a credit card to pay for frivolous items. At least use it to pay off high-interest consumer debt as a smart way to save thousands of dollars a year on interest payments.” can do.”

But remember, if you borrow too much and scratch your head, you risk losing your home. HELOCs are protected by real estate and failure to pay can lead to foreclosure. In contrast, personal loans and credit cards have higher interest rates, but are not tied to a home and carry less risk of default.

How HELOC works

A HELOC is a revolving line of credit that you can borrow and repay as needed, just like a credit card. However, HELOCs are backed by the value of the home. HELOC lenders will approve certain credit limits based on your credit score, earnings, and amount of home equity accrued.

Lottery period and repayment period

HELOC has two phases.

  1. lottery period: Often lasts for 10 years. During that time, you can borrow from your line of credit at any time, up to your credit limit. During the withdrawal phase, you are only obliged to pay interest on the money you borrowed. If you don’t owe money, you typically don’t owe anything (although you may be charged an inactivity fee).If you want to repay the principal and interest during the drawing period, you can
  2. repayment period: Next is the “payback” period. At the 10-20 year stage, you will have to repay the outstanding balance. No additional funds can be borrowed during this period unless the lender approves the renewal of her HELOC.

Please note that some HELOCs require full repayment of the entire balance as soon as the repayment period begins. Ask the lender about its repayment structure before signing on.

HELOC interest rate

HELOCs typically charge a variable rate based on current Prime or LABOR rates in addition to margin, which may increase or decrease over time.

Interest will only be charged on the amount of credit used during the HELOC withdrawal period. Not your entire credit limit. “For example, if you secure a HELOC at $50,000 and you withdraw $5,000 from that line of credit in the first month, you only pay interest the next month on the $5,000 you borrowed,” she says Jeanette.

After the lottery period, you will no longer be able to borrow against your HELOC and will have to repay the full amount in monthly installments. Some borrowers may convert their HELOC to a fully amortized fixed rate second mortgage during the life of the loan if the lender allows it.


Who can get HELOC?

Homeowners must qualify for HELOC based on sufficient income, job security, good credit, and good financial history. To fully fund a HELOC, you must have built at least 15-20% of her assets in your home. As is often the case with first-time or recent buyers, if you do not already have sufficient home equity, you may not be eligible for a HELOC.

What happens to HELOC if I don’t use HELOC?

There is no need to withdraw funds from HELOC during the drawing period. However, the lender may charge an inactivity fee if no transactions have occurred for a certain period of time. Most lenders allow the HELOC to remain open indefinitely if the HELOC is not in use. Still, according to Dream Home Financing’s Eric Jeanette, some lenders may have clauses that require some action to prevent HELOCs from closing.

What happens to HELOC if the market crashes?

If the market crashes, HELOCs will remain open with available funds unless the mortgage contract says otherwise, according to Dream Home Financing’s Eric Jeanette.

Can HELOC trigger PMI?

HELOC cannot trigger PMI (Private Mortgage Insurance). This is only evaluated for primary mortgages if required by the lender or loan program. If your HELOC is the only loan you currently have on your home and you have over 80% loan balance, you don’t need a PMI. Please note that funds from HELOC cannot be used to repay the first mortgage in order to get rid of PMI.

Can I pay off my HELOC early?

yes. The HELOC principal may be paid in part or in full at any time during the drawing period. However, some lenders may impose an early payment fee if you start paying your balance before a certain amount of time has passed. During the withdrawal period, you must pay at least interest on what you borrowed. Once you enter your HELOC repayment period, you will be required to repay the balance in full immediately or over time.

Can I sell my house if I have a HELOC?

If you have an open HELOC, you can sell your home and use the sale proceeds to pay your HELOC balance at closing.

Information contained on The Mortgage Reports website is for informational purposes only and is not an advertisement for products offered by Full Beaker. The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not reflect the policies or positions of Full Beaker, its officers, parent company or affiliates.

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