Iran’s government-controlled economy, closely intertwined with its closed political system, represents a “black hole,” according to a prominent Tehran journalist.
Foroozan Asef Nakhaei said Iran’s constitution recognizes three forms of economy: government sector, private sector and cooperatives. But 40 years after the Islamic Revolution of 1979, the economy is plagued by what many call ‘koslati’. [a combination of the words private and public in Persian] This can be loosely translated as the private government sector.
These are companies that are nominally “privatized” by the government but owned or controlled by political insiders. This sector, like a “black hole”, devours he three legitimate forms of economy.
“This terrifying black hole can prevent even credible elements of the regime, such as Majlis chairman Mohammed Bagh Gharribaf and President Ebrahim Raisi, from advancing their economic plans. Asef Nakhaei said in an article on the moderately conservative Khabar Online website: added that “a black hole can challenge and paralyze the entire system.”
According to journalists, this is the result of a lack of transparency in Iran’s political system, confusing Iranian and foreign observers trying to understand Iran’s decision-making process.
A recent example of a “Koslati” economic black hole is $3 billion corruption case At a major steel plant that looks like a publicly traded company but is actually controlled by a government agency and run by an appointed person.
Foroozan Asef Nakhaei, renowned Iranian journalist
Meanwhile, the presence of opposing power centers and the predominance of informal networks in the political system further obscure the situation. No political power center can criticize the regime without dangerously challenging it from a safe distance.
Political forces that identify themselves as “reformers” and usually aligned with the “moderates” in the system have in the past sought to build trust within the core of a system led by Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei. I couldn’t come up with rhetoric. 33 years old.
The so-called “reform” factions attempted to change the system of government, but the conservatives gradually pushed them aside.
The two groups had different ideas about development, with reformers taking a somewhat liberal approach and conservatives continuing to bloat the state economy, especially the semi-private sector.
These things, along with the fact that it was created in parallel by hardliners who favored the “Islamic Government” rather than the “Islamic Republic”, and an otherwise similar institution, make it difficult for economic development to take center stage. I could not do it. As a result, Iran’s economic plans live in a different world than their actual needs. Centers of power exercise their own policies, whether domestic or even foreign, rather than catering to the demands of the people. Asef Nakai said the continuation of this paradoxical duality would be destructive and dangerous to the country’s survival.
If Iran’s hardline conservatives and now-consolidated government can give everyone some legal protection before the law, they will actually implement the ideas of the country’s reformers and moderates, It will force immature governments to act maturely.This will lead to a government based on the national interest, journalists opined.
He said Iran’s future depends on democratic reforms regardless of who is running the system, leading to black holes such as a quasi-governmental private economy that is devouring other sectors and precious resources. He added that it would depend on getting rid of the yielding parallel bodies.