Queen Elizabeth II is the longest reigning monarch in British history.
Elizabeth was born on April 21, 1926 in London. She is kept here by her mother, whose name is her Elizabeth. Her father would later become King George VI.
Princess Elizabeth poses for a photograph at her London home in 1928.
Princess Elizabeth is seen with her uncle Prince Edward, Prince of Wales, during a visit to Balmoral, Scotland in September 1933. He became king in his 1936 as Edward VIII. She became the heir presumptive.
Princess Elizabeth, King George VI, Queen Elizabeth and Princess Margaret wave to the crowd from the balcony of Buckingham Palace on June 22, 1939.
Elizabeth on horseback in Windsor, England, 1940.
Fourteen-year-old Elizabeth (right) sits next to her sister during a radio broadcast on October 13, 1940. In her first broadcast, Elizabeth said British children were cheerful and brave, she said.
Princess Elizabeth shaking hands with an officer of the Grenadier Guards on May 29, 1942. King George VI made Elizabeth an honorary colonel of the Royal Army Regiment.
Elizabeth (right) and Princess Margaret wear summer dresses circa 1942. Margaret is Elizabeth’s only sibling.
Princess Elizabeth sits against the backdrop of the Drakensberg Mountains in Natal National Park, South Africa, April 21, 1947. It was her 21st birthday.
On November 20, 1947, Elizabeth married Prince Philip, a British naval lieutenant born into the royal family of Greece and Denmark. After becoming a British citizen and renouncing his Greek titles, Philip became Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. His wife became the Duchess of Edinburgh.
Princess Elizabeth arrives at the state banquet in London, March 1950.
Elizabeth ascended the throne in February 1952. That’s when her father died of lung cancer at the age of 56. Here, Elizabeth walks to her altar at her coronation on June 2, 1953.
Queen Elizabeth II is photographed on the balcony of the Governor’s Palace in Melbourne during her visit to Australia in March 1954.
From left, Princess Margaret, Queen Elizabeth II and Their Majesties the Empress at Epsom Downs Racecourse in June 1958.
The Queen holds her son, Prince Andrew, as her sister, Princess Anne, looks on during a family trip to Balmoral Castle, Scotland, September 1960. She has four children, including her sons Charles and Edward.
Queen Elizabeth II appears at the State Legislative Opening Ceremony in April 1966.
Queen Elizabeth II and her eldest son, Prince Charles. 1969. Then Prince Charles.
Prince Charles adjusts a coronet for his inauguration as Prince of Wales in 1969.
The Queen and Prince Philip waving from an airplane ramp just before taking off from Tokyo, May 1975.
On April 21, 1976, on her 50th birthday, the Queen had her portrait taken at Windsor Castle.
The Queen met crowds during her royal tour of New Zealand in 1977.
Elizabeth walks with some corgis at the Windsor Horse Trials in May 1980.
The Queen stands next to Prince Charles as he kisses his new bride, Princess Diana, on July 29, 1981.
Elizabeth photographs her husband at a horse show in Windsor in May 1982.
Elizabeth drives a Land Rover at the Royal Windsor Horse Show in May 1992.
While at Buckingham Palace, the Queen and Prince Philip watch the wreath laying for Princess Diana, who died tragically in 1997.
The Queen addresses the nation on the eve of Princess Diana’s funeral in 1997.
Prince Charles looks back on his mother after marrying Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall in April 2005.
The Queen, second from right, greets the crowd from the balcony of Buckingham Palace on April 29, 2011. Prince William, her third grandchild from the left, has just married Catherine Middleton.
The Queen’s signature can be seen in a visitor’s book of Aras An Uachtarain, the official residence of the President of Ireland in Dublin, in May 2011.
In May 2012, a wax figure of the Queen was unveiled at Madame Tussauds in London.
Singer Paul McCartney watches the Diamond Jubilee concert in June 2012 as Prince Charles kisses his mother’s hand on stage.
The Queen visits the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London in December 2012.
A boy in Belfast, Northern Ireland takes a selfie in front of the Queen in June 2014.
The Queen enters the Great Hall of Edinburgh Castle after attending a memorial service at the Scottish National War Memorial in July 2014.
The Queen is waiting to speak at the state legislative opening in May 2015.
Elizabeth listens to her great-grandson Prince George outside the church where George’s sister Charlotte was christened in July 2015. George and Charlotte are children of Prince William (left) and Duchess Catherine.
In April 2016, the Queen poses for a photo with her five great-grandchildren and two youngest children.
The Queen poses with her four dogs on her private estate at Windsor Castle in April 2016.
The Queen and Prince Philip wave to guests in London who were attending her 90th birthday celebration in 2016.
Elizabeth talks to 14-year-old Evie Mills at a hospital in Manchester, England, in May 2017. Evie says Ariana was injured in a bombing as people left her Grande concert.
The Queen sits at her desk in Buckingham Palace after taping the 2017 Christmas broadcast.
The Queen arrives for her grandson Prince Harry and Meghan Markle’s wedding in May 2018.
The Queen laughs with Meghan, Duchess of Sussex during the bridge opening ceremony in Halton, England in June 2018. This was Meghan’s first royal outing without her husband, Prince Harry, by her side.
The Queen and Prince Philip look at handcrafted anniversary cards presented by their great-grandchildren Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis in November 2020.
The Queen received the Duke of Edinburgh’s roses from Keith Weed, President of the Royal Horticultural Society, in June 2021. The newly grown rose is officially named after Prince Philip.
The Queen will drive a Range Rover as she attends the Royal Windsor Horse Show in Windsor, England in July 2021.
The Queen will attend the Royal Windsor Cup polo match in July 2021 and the British Driving Association’s carriage driving exhibition.
The Queen and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson (left) welcome guests at a reception for international business and investment leaders at Windsor Castle in October 2021.
The Queen welcomed Liz Truss in Balmoral, Scotland, where she invited the newly elected leader of the Conservative Party to become Prime Minister and form a new government on 6 September.